Valley fever is an infection that can turn into a severe form of pneumonia or a chronic illness if the person who has it does not receive treatment for it. Another name for valley fever is coccidioidomycosis because of the origin of the disorder. Valley fever comes from the coccidioidomycosis fungus, which is found inside of soil. Valley fever is more common in Southwestern areas of the nation than it is in other parts of the dirt. People catch the infection by inhaling it into their lungs. Anyone who works or lives in an area that valley fever affects can contract the condition.
What Is Valley Fever? How Valley Fever Spread?
Valley fever can spread in several ways. Construction work can spread it. Farming tasks and strong winds can spread it into the air, as well. The incubation period for valley fever is about three weeks, so an affected person may not show any symptoms until then. Some people show no symptoms at all, while other people show severe symptoms. Some of the most common symptoms of valley fever are fever, cough, achy joints, chest pains, sweating, fatigue and rashes. A red and spotty rash may appear on the legs and arms of a person who has valley fever.
How Valley Fever Is Diagnosed and Treated
A doctor can diagnose valley fever using a blood test or a chest X-ray. Specialists may test the skin of the affected person, as well. Once the doctor confirms the diagnosis, he or she can implement a treatment plan. Some cases of valley fever resolve themselves while others require treatment. The doctor may prescribe anti-fungal medication. The specialist may tell the person how to take care of himself or herself, as well. Care may include fluid intake increases, bed reds, and breathing mechanisms if severe breathing problems occur.
Anyone who experiences the symptoms of valley fever should speak with a specialist immediately for testing. Travelers should stay on the lookout for valley fever if they visit Arizona and similar places for hiking trips. A case of valley fever can resolve quickly if the doctor and patient catch it early enough.
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