Monthly Archives: July 2015

Unique Symptoms Of Dehydration

The body is primarily made up of water. It needs the substance in ample amounts to function well. When we are not able to consume enough liquid, we begin to suffer symptoms of dehydration like the ones mentioned below:

Headaches

Our delicate brains are protected by a fluid sac. This prevents it from rubbing against the walls of the skull. When we are dangerously low on water, the sac gets depleted and the organ gets into contact with the walls resulting in massive headaches. Whenever you feel this symptom, consume a few glasses of water and see if you’ll feel better.

Hunger

Our muscles get the energy they need through the influx from nutrients from the bloodstream. Dehydration slows down circulation so energy levels are not as good as they should be. The body tries to compensate by sending signals to the brain that it is hungry and craving for more food. This could be anything that comes to mind but it usually leads to a sweet craving since they usually provide a quick energy boost. The problem is that sweet foods can make dehydration worse by making the body secrete more fluids. An excess could also lead to weight gain.

Muscle Cramps

Athletes are careful about avoiding dehydration as it has been shown that even a small amount can adversely reduce their performance potential and lead to muscle cramps. It is a delicate balancing act since going overboard can be equally dangerous. Water helps to regulate the electrolyte levels in the body. Drinking to thirst is a good rule of thumb.

Dry Skin

You can tell if a person is chronically dehydrated by the state of their skin. People who do not consume enough water everyday tend to have dry flaky skin. This could be a problem in hot weather as it might be easy to get dermal irritation. It will also be harder to keep cool since there is less fluid available to generate sweat for evaporative cooling. Drink a lot and drink often to avoid all of these symptoms of dehydration.

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Facts About The Measles

Measles is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus. Since the virus travels airborne, one can easily get infected, especially if exposed to a room where the virus lurks. Because of the virus’ ability to travel through a sneeze, cough or just mere talking, it is one disease that is rampant everywhere in the world.

Common Symptoms

Within 10 to 12 days after being infected, the symptoms start to appear which are varied. It can start as a simple running nose that later is accompanied by a cough, fever, diarrhea, body rash and watery eyes. Sometimes the virus can cause ear aches in the person infected. Some patients may show later symptoms which may be after 21 days from infection.

The virus is mostly contagious between four days before body rashes appear to four days post rash symptom. If the symptoms are not diagnosed in advance and the patient treated, the virus can trigger deadlier symptoms like severe diarrhea, brain inflammation and infection in the middle ear, pneumonia and in worst cases, death.

Does It Have A Cure?

Luckily, one can be vaccinated against the virus to prevent infection. A homeopathic vaccine known as MMR is administered with a cocktail of other drugs for vaccinating against rubella and mumps. People born on and after 1957 should be vaccinated with one dose minimum of the MMR vaccine. They should then receive documentation that they have been vaccinated against the virus. College students, people travelling internationally, and health practitioners are also at risk of getting measles thus should be vaccinated in advance.

The MMR vaccine is quite effective and safe for use. Only few people register reactions to the vaccine, but these are minor reactions like swelling, redness on skin or slight fever which clears away. More facts about the measles side effects are pain and body stiffness in adult women, but this is because of the cocktail drug which contains rubella as well.

Measles is highly preventable using MMR vaccine. Infection is highly contagious and people who travel to neighboring countries should be vaccinated prior to their departure.

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Signs And Symptoms Of A Hernia

When weaknesses develop along the abdominal wall, abnormal bulges can develop as organs push through. This could also occur at other areas of the body such as the groin, the belly button, and surgical scars. The risk of having this condition is directly proportional to age. It has been observed that men tend to get it more than women. Aside from the bulge, other symptoms of a hernia include:

Pain

The region where organs are squeezing themselves into the weaken muscle wall is bound to feel pain. These walls are there to keep everything intact inside the body. Pressure at the weak points can cause the organs to spill over and damage the tissues even further. The pain can be more pronounced with sudden movements such as jumping or running. Lifting heavy objects and straining can also trigger pain in the herniated region.

Nausea

Those who are suffering from this condition may also feel lightheaded. Blood circulation and organ function may be affected by this mechanical defect leading to nausea. This is particularly common when the problem is located around the stomach area.

Vomiting

In some cases, the nausea comes with vomiting. The body may have a hard time digesting food and the physical stress could upset the stomach, forcing everything back up. This can be extremely worrying incident. Call the doctor if it happens more than once and you suspect that hernia is the cause.

Heartburn

If the issue is happening at the upper part of the stomach, then there is a great risk for acid reflux symptoms to occur. The acid inside the stomach may go up the esophagus causing heartburn which can be very uncomfortable. This can make mealtime a challenging ordeal. Patients must not lie down right away after eating to allow the food to travel down past the herniated area.

Swelling

Since the muscle walls are irritated, the surrounding tissues can swell until the problem is corrected. Surgery is commonly advised to move the organs back in their proper place and close the hole on the wall.

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Common Types Of Spinal Surgeries Explained

 

Spinal surgeries are geared towards correcting spinal defects or injuries. The human spine is made up of discs, also called vertebrae that are firmly, yet flexibly joined together to allow the flexibility of the spine, as well as the protection of the nerves and living cells that run through the spine. Any stress on the spine can cause a chipping/ breakage of a vertebra, in effect causing parts of the damaged disc or adjacent discs to press on nerves. Nerve pinching can cause extremely painful backaches that not only limit a person’s mobility, but may also affect the flow of signals and blood to lower body organs. Whereas small spinal damages may only cause discomfort and can be managed through increased exercise or painkillers, severe spinal damages are debilitating and require surgery to correct.

Types of spinal surgeries

Bone Graft

This spinal surgery aims at triggering bone growth and or bridging a spinal gap by providing the necessary support between two healthy spinal bones/ discs. In this surgery, surgeons harvest a piece of a bone (called graft) from a patient (called autograft) or from another person/ bone bank (called allograft). The harvested graft is transferred to the site that needs bone bridging or bone healing. Autografts, more often than not, contain living cells, and may therefore trigger fast stimulation of bone growth, and the consequent fusion of the graft and the site’s bones. Allografts, on the other hand, do not contain living cells, and, therefore, take longer to heal. Although allografts take a long time to heal and have a high risk of transmitting illnesses to the new site, they are highly recommended in situations where the patient does not have sufficient graft for transplant.

Spine fusion

In some instances, spinal surgery can be conducted to bind two spinal discs permanently in a process called spine fusion. Spine fusion surgery is commonly applied to correct abnormal spinal curvatures, degenerated vertebrae-connecting-disks, protruding disks, and vertebrae injuries. In binding adjacent spinal components, spine fusion surgery reduces uncontrolled motion of the affected parts of the spine, in effect reducing extreme pain or the pinching of nerves that get in the way of the moving disks’ paths. More often than not, surgeons screw metal rods on rigid spine disks. Whereas it is expected that the permanent binding of the spinal structure (on the particular parts) may reduce motion, some people register increased mobility as they no longer have to worry about the pain that was hampering movement in the first place.

Spinal injuries can be mild, causing mere discomforts, or severe, affecting the quality of life a person lives. Thankfully, spinal surgeries can correct most spinal defects or injuries, in effect reducing backache pain and increasing an individual’s flexibility and health of lower body organs. Depending on a person’s spinal injury/ defect, a surgeon can recommend a spine fusion or a bone graft.

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