Facts About Dizziness And Vertigo

485060108Many adults will experience occasional dizziness at some point in their lives. Vertigo is a related condition but it is more serious and creates the feeling that the room is spinning around you even when you are standing still. According to a study conducted by the UCSF Medical Center, one in four adults over 40 will experience vertigo at least once. Here are some facts about dizziness and vertigo everyone should know.

Dizziness creates a temporary imbalance that can be mild or severe depending on the individual. In some cases, vertigo can cause vomiting or nausea and sometimes it signals a serious balance disorder.

The inner ear plays an important role in balance. The saccule and utricle are two structures in the ear that detect gravity and signal your body about its orientation in space. When you move from a standing position to a lying position, these structures are responsible for directing blood flow in response to the position change. You may feel dizzy if there is a malfunction of this process.

BPPV, or benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, is the result of a mechanical problem within the ear. Sensing crystals, called octoconia, and calcium inside the ear help you maintain balance. If they are knocked loose and travel through the ear canal, it will cause you to feel like you are spinning. This is a problem that often affects elderly individuals, but adults in any age group may experience it. Physical therapy is the most effective treatment for this condition.

Among the most serious causes of dizziness is heart disease. Atherosclerosis, atrial fibrillation and narrow or leaky heart valves are conditions that can cause you feel dizzy. The sensation is caused by a lack of blood flow to the brain.

Other common causes of dizziness include a vitamin B12 deficiency, anxiety and dehydration.

If you experience dizziness or vertigo that interferes with normal activity, it is important to seek the advice of a qualified medical professional. The only way to know for sure if it is caused by a minor condition or a major health problem is to have a physician perform an examination and provide an accurate diagnosis.

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Health Screening Schedules and Recommendations for Men 18-39

170083396Visits to the doctor should not be limited to the times when you are feeling unwell. Even if you feel fine, there could be an issue developing that you are not aware of. There are lots of diseases that don’t have noticeable symptoms until they are at an advanced stage and difficult to cure. Vigilance will enable you to catch them at an early stage for quick resolution. This is important at any age so even men in their prime between 18 and 39 years of age should consider it.

Blood Pressure Screening

Most people will be adequately covered by a blood pressure screening every two years. However, those who have a history of high readings or a chronic ailment should get theirs checked at least one every year. Look around for this service around your area so that you can drop by when it’s convenient. There are plenty of establishments offering this including pharmacies and other stores if you can’t go to a clinic. The nurse will give some advice after taking your vitals. A BP greater than 140/90 is unusually high and warrants an appointment with a doctor.

Cholesterol Screening

Heart diseases are responsible for millions of deaths every year. Be sure to prevent their development by getting screened for signs like cholesterol level at least once every five years, especially if you are a male above 34 years old. People who have diabetes have more difficulty controlling their cholesterol so they should get screen regularly from the age of 20. Kidney ailments and heart conditions may prompt your doctor to recommend more frequent tests. Ask their advice on when to get health screenings.

Diabetes Screening

Type 2 or adult-onset diabetes can happen to anyone, especially those who have a sedentary lifestyle and a high body mass index (BMI). Check your weight and height. Input these two variables in an online calculator to learn about your BMI. Individuals who exceed 25 are considered obese and have a high risk of developing diabetes. Get screened right away if you haven’t done so already.

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What To Expect From Dialysis

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Dialysis is not a painful treatment, although the needles may hurt going in. If you experience significant pain from the needles, you may request numbing medicine to ease this pain. During hemodialysis the patient may experience painful muscle cramps. These cramps are usually brought on by gaining excess fluid weight between treatments. So it is important to limit the amount of fluid you take in daily as it can be dangerous to a person undergoing dialysis.

How Will I Feel After Dialysis?

This treatment is intended to make you feel better and enjoy a better quality of life. Many people feel better after a week, while for others it could take months and with a select few, the dialysis treatments may nit be helping at all. In this case, you would need to alert your care team and also inform them of all the uncomfortable symptoms you may be experiencing. In the beginning, your body will need time to adjust to the dialysis. This includes the treatment, medicines and routine as well. However, once you are undergoing regular dialysis and the the waste and excess fluid is being removed from your body, you should start to feel a noticeable difference in health. Dialysis will not make your health worse, under any circumstances.

What to Expect from Dialysis?

There are several ways to tell if you are receiving a good quality and enough dialysis treatment. The first sign is obviously feeling good, both physically and mentally. The second sign is having enough energy and motivation to do the things you want to do and lastly you will have a good appetite and also feel as though you don’t need another dialysis treatment, even when your next treatment is due.

If you are alternatively not receiving enough dialysis treatments, you may lose your appetite, feel tired all the time and have a yellowish tone in your skin. The taste of ammonia in your mouth is also another way that many people know that they are not getting better on dialysis. This either means that more treatments need to be scheduled or alternatively, more tests need to be done to determine what is hindering progress.

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Caring For Your Foley Catheter

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From time to time, patients with various conditions and diagnosis are unable to empty their bladders on their own.  This can be a physical problem with passing urine, or even a mobility problem.  Either way, a Foley catheter can be helpful in all kinds of situations.  A Foley catheter is a flexible tube with a small diameter that is placed inside the bladder for the purposes of draining urine.  If you will be at home with a Foley catheter it is important to learn proper at-home care practices.

Daily catheter care is important for your own health and safety.  Poor care practices can lead to bladder infections and other serious problems with the urinary tract.  Care can be performed while in the shower, but not in the bathtub while bathing.  Gather the following supplies before performing catheter care:

• Clean water
• A mild soap, like Dove soap
• A clean wash cloth or a 4×4 piece of gauze
• 1 Cath-Secure

First, wash your hands well with plain soap and water.  Then with the soap and clean water, clean your genital area. Clean where the catheter enters your body and down and away from your body. Be careful to hold the catheter where it enters the body when cleaning it, as not to put tension on it while cleaning it.  Rinse all areas thoroughly and pat dry.  Use the Cath-Secure to keep the catheter in place.

Always be sure to keep your leg bag or night bag below the level of your bladder to ensure proper drainage and to prevent infection.  Do not let your bag become overly full.  You should empty it about every 2 to 4 hours. You should not lie down for more than 2 hours at a time while wearing a leg bag.  If it will be longer than 2 hours, attach the night bag. Be sure your leg bag straps are not too tight, as this can cause pain, and even blood clots to form.  If the straps leave a mark on your leg, they are too tight.

Although caring for your Foley catheter may seem intimidating at first, it can become a normal part of your daily routine.  Talk to your doctor or nurse if you have questions or concerns about home catheter care or problems.

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Common Side Effects Of Blood Pressure Medications

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Most medicine has side effects. When treating blood pressure, you may experience some effects. The following are some of the side effects of blood pressure medications. You may experience bout of dehydration if you are not careful. This means that you should take a lot of water to prevent dehydrating your body and therefore slowing down the metabolic rate. You may also experience constipation from time to time. This is brought about by central alpha agonists or the calcium channel blockers. Constipation can be averted through eating foods that are rich in fiber. These foods include fruits, vegetables and legumes.

Fainting, bouts of dizziness or you may even feel light headed once in a while. May medicines used for treatment of hypertension have this side effect. To deal with it, you should always ensure that you stand slowly. Do not change positions abruptly as this may make the situation worse. Always ensure that you take your time before stepping down from the bed, climbing down the stairs and also ensure that you do not stay standing for extended periods of time. Some patients will experience frequent urination especially during the night. In such a case, you may ask your doctor to schedule your medicine in such a way that you will avoid waking up too many times during the night.

You may also experience increased sensitivity to cold. You may therefore find yourself shaking during the night or experiencing excessive cold during the cold seasons. In such a case, you can ensure that you dress warmly especially when leaving the house. While in the house, you may use the fireplace to keep warm or use your HVAC system. In some situation, you may be faced with headaches or stomach upset. Potassium loss is also common in some patients especially those taking thiazide diuretics. You can take supplements that enhance the level of potassium in your body.

Increases sensitivity to sunlight is also a side effect of blood pressure medications. You may avoid direct exposure to sunlight especially for extended periods of time. In addition, you may use hats to minimize the area exposed to sunlight. Other side effects include swollen gums, tender and bleeding gums and dry mouth.

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Coping With A Terminal Illness

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Terminal illnesses can elicit a wide range of emotions from sufferers when first informed by their doctors. This includes fear, denial, shock, frustration, relief, anger, confusion, sadness, and helplessness. Here are tips for coping with a terminal illness:

After Your Doctor Breaks the News

Upon learning that they are suffering from a terminal disease, most patients experience apprehension and anxiety. Do not worry too much if you experience similar emotions because the human body naturally primes itself to flee from danger. For this reason, it is advisable to attend your doctor’s appointments in the company of a relative or close friend who can offer emotional support.

Pour Out Your Heart

Your mind is likely to generate tons of questions as well as conjure up all manner of real and imaginary fears in the hours and days after receiving terminal illness news. If you can, confide and pour out your heart to a friend, relative, professional, spiritual guide, or family member. In addition, contact people suffering from the same terminal illness. They can help you come to terms with your medical condition. The good news is most hospitals keep email and phone contacts of many support groups.

Handling Uncertainty

A sad aspect of living with a terminal illness is the uncertainty that hangs over one’s life. As a result, you may worry about how much time you have left to live and how to deal with inability to feed, clothe, and bathe yourself. In this case, talking to others about your fears can offer relief.

Depression

If you feel that you could be developing depression, consult your doctor. In most cases, doctors prescribe medication or recommend counseling.

Benefits

Find out if you are eligible for benefits to cover hospital, living, or transport costs.

Positive Living

Focus on living your life one day at a time and learn to confront your fears whenever they crop up in your mind. Finally, take medications, keep up with hospital appointments, eat healthy foods and follow your doctor’s advice.

Although living with a terminal illness can be tough, it need not turn your life into a gloomy affair. Seek support from friends, counselors, and people suffering from the same disease.

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Living With One Kidney: What It’s Like

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There are three main reasons why you may be living with in kidney. One, your kidney may have been removed for medical reasons. For example, the kidney was affected by cancer and to avoid spread of the disease, it was removed. Secondly, you may have donated a kidney to a person whose kidneys were failing him or her. The third reason may be that you were born with just a single kidney or that you have two kidneys but one does not function. However, people live healthily with on kidney for a long period of time. Here are tips for living with one kidney.

One, it is advisable to get regular checkups to ensure that your kidney is functioning well. This will give the doctors the chance to discover things that may affect your kidney long before they happen and therefore you may avert serious illnesses. Secondly, you should ensure that your body stays hydrated all the times. Eat a healthy and balanced diet and engage in regular exercise for a healthy life. In addition, you need to regularly check your blood pressure. Living with one kidney increases the risk of blood pressure and therefore regular checkups will ensure that the condition is kept in check early enough if it is discovered.

For blood pressure medication, your doctor needs to know that you only have one kidney since some medications are friendlier to kidneys than others. Your participation is sports and games that are potentially dangerous should be limited. Always consult with your doctor before you engage in such sports. Since you only have one kidney, you should aim at protecting it at all times. Injury to this kidney may have devastating effect on your health. Therefore you should be very careful about what you engage yourself in. Your diet should not consist of too much protein. This is because you are susceptible to proteinuria and therefore you need to keep your protein intake in check.

You should also monitor your Glomerular Filtration Rate. This gives you an idea of the performance of your kidney in the removal of waste products from your blood. It also gives an idea of when the kidney has any disease or is developing one. You will therefore be at a position to take precautions to avoid worsening the disease or to avert its occurrence. Living with one kidney requires a lot of precaution in order to lead a normal and healthy life. Maintaining proper health, exercising regularly and getting regular checkups should be your routine. To learn more about leading a healthy and prosperous life, kindly follow us.