Living With Lupus: Important Tips

480619676

Lupus is an autoimmune, chronic condition which can affect any part of the human body such as organs inside the body, the skin or even the joints. People who suffer from this condition know that living with lupus is not something that is simple to do. This does not matter if you have had the disease for years or for only a short period of time. This is the type of condition that not only affects you physically; it will also affect you emotionally. It is important to note that all those challenging feelings that you will be experiencing are all very normal. However, despite those challenges, it is actually possible to lead a productive and positive life.

There are several challenges that people with this condition often face. The visible effects of this condition include weight gain caused by the corticosteroids which are prescribed for the treatment of lupus. Lupus patients can also have different types of rashes and ulcers. Physical symptoms include pain and fatigue. These symptoms often lead to other conditions such as anxiety and depression. That is why it is important to learn to live with the condition.

What you can do to cope with Lupus

Exercise regularly

If you suffer from this disease you should engage in low impact exercises on a regular basis. These include walking, cycling and swimming. These can help to minimize muscle stiffness, relieve stress, improve muscular strength and prevent osteoporosis.

Stop smoking

Smoking is already bad for your health in many other ways and if you have lupus, smoking can actually worsen the condition. You will notice that as soon as you stop smoking, the negative effects of smoking will be reserved.

You need to get proper rest

If you are a lupus sufferer, resting is of paramount importance. Make sure that you get at least seven hours of sleep every night as this will help with the fatigue that is normally linked to lupus.

Although living with lupus is no easy task, you can lead a normal life if you take into account the tips discussed above.

Follow us for more articles that keep you in perfect health.

Advertisements

What Is Graves’ Disease? What Women Need To Know

483004650

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease that affects women 10 times more than it affects men. With this disease the thyroid produces more hormones than the body needs. This leads to a host of symptoms.

Symptoms of Graves’ Disease

One of the more noticeable signs of this disease is a goiter. This is an enlargement of the thyroid. The thyroid gland is in the front of the neck. The disease also affects the eyes by causing swelling. This can result in the eyes bulging out. Other symptoms are sensitivity to heat, trembling hands, rapid heartbeat, muscle weakness, fewer periods, and brittle hair.

For most people, the symptoms begin in the 20s or 30s, but some people with Graves’ disease don’t have any symptoms. Symptoms often start very slowly, or come on suddenly.

The Causes of Graves’ Disease

Many factors contribute to a person getting the disease. Heredity is one important component. If other family members have thyroid problems, this increases your likelihood of getting the disease. An infection can also play a role in who gets Graves’ disease. Stress and emotional trauma also contributing factors, as are female hormones. Pregnancy is a major cause. Thirty percent of women who get Graves’ disease were pregnant in the 12 months prior to being diagnosed.

How to Treat Graves’ Disease

There are two anti-thyroid drugs that are used in the United States. These drugs prevent the thyroid from producing too much of the hormones. These drugs can only be used for one to two years. Another treatment is radioactive iodine (RAI). The tiny iodine pill damages the thyroid gland so it can’t produce an excess amount of the hormones. The final treatment option is surgery in which part of the thyroid or the entire gland is removed.

What Is Graves’ Disease?

Graves’ disease is a serious condition, especially for women. If left untreated, it can cause heart problems or even death. However, the disease affects everyone differently and some people only have mild forms of the disease.

Follow ScannerDoc: Medical Imaging and Health Blog for more valuable articles about medical conditions and their treatments.

Unique Symptoms Of Dehydration

The body is primarily made up of water. It needs the substance in ample amounts to function well. When we are not able to consume enough liquid, we begin to suffer symptoms of dehydration like the ones mentioned below:

Headaches

Our delicate brains are protected by a fluid sac. This prevents it from rubbing against the walls of the skull. When we are dangerously low on water, the sac gets depleted and the organ gets into contact with the walls resulting in massive headaches. Whenever you feel this symptom, consume a few glasses of water and see if you’ll feel better.

Hunger

Our muscles get the energy they need through the influx from nutrients from the bloodstream. Dehydration slows down circulation so energy levels are not as good as they should be. The body tries to compensate by sending signals to the brain that it is hungry and craving for more food. This could be anything that comes to mind but it usually leads to a sweet craving since they usually provide a quick energy boost. The problem is that sweet foods can make dehydration worse by making the body secrete more fluids. An excess could also lead to weight gain.

Muscle Cramps

Athletes are careful about avoiding dehydration as it has been shown that even a small amount can adversely reduce their performance potential and lead to muscle cramps. It is a delicate balancing act since going overboard can be equally dangerous. Water helps to regulate the electrolyte levels in the body. Drinking to thirst is a good rule of thumb.

Dry Skin

You can tell if a person is chronically dehydrated by the state of their skin. People who do not consume enough water everyday tend to have dry flaky skin. This could be a problem in hot weather as it might be easy to get dermal irritation. It will also be harder to keep cool since there is less fluid available to generate sweat for evaporative cooling. Drink a lot and drink often to avoid all of these symptoms of dehydration.

Follow ScannerDoc for all of your medical questions and concerns.

Facts About The Measles

Measles is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus. Since the virus travels airborne, one can easily get infected, especially if exposed to a room where the virus lurks. Because of the virus’ ability to travel through a sneeze, cough or just mere talking, it is one disease that is rampant everywhere in the world.

Common Symptoms

Within 10 to 12 days after being infected, the symptoms start to appear which are varied. It can start as a simple running nose that later is accompanied by a cough, fever, diarrhea, body rash and watery eyes. Sometimes the virus can cause ear aches in the person infected. Some patients may show later symptoms which may be after 21 days from infection.

The virus is mostly contagious between four days before body rashes appear to four days post rash symptom. If the symptoms are not diagnosed in advance and the patient treated, the virus can trigger deadlier symptoms like severe diarrhea, brain inflammation and infection in the middle ear, pneumonia and in worst cases, death.

Does It Have A Cure?

Luckily, one can be vaccinated against the virus to prevent infection. A homeopathic vaccine known as MMR is administered with a cocktail of other drugs for vaccinating against rubella and mumps. People born on and after 1957 should be vaccinated with one dose minimum of the MMR vaccine. They should then receive documentation that they have been vaccinated against the virus. College students, people travelling internationally, and health practitioners are also at risk of getting measles thus should be vaccinated in advance.

The MMR vaccine is quite effective and safe for use. Only few people register reactions to the vaccine, but these are minor reactions like swelling, redness on skin or slight fever which clears away. More facts about the measles side effects are pain and body stiffness in adult women, but this is because of the cocktail drug which contains rubella as well.

Measles is highly preventable using MMR vaccine. Infection is highly contagious and people who travel to neighboring countries should be vaccinated prior to their departure.

Follow ScannerDoc for All of Your Medical Questions and Concerns

Signs And Symptoms Of A Hernia

When weaknesses develop along the abdominal wall, abnormal bulges can develop as organs push through. This could also occur at other areas of the body such as the groin, the belly button, and surgical scars. The risk of having this condition is directly proportional to age. It has been observed that men tend to get it more than women. Aside from the bulge, other symptoms of a hernia include:

Pain

The region where organs are squeezing themselves into the weaken muscle wall is bound to feel pain. These walls are there to keep everything intact inside the body. Pressure at the weak points can cause the organs to spill over and damage the tissues even further. The pain can be more pronounced with sudden movements such as jumping or running. Lifting heavy objects and straining can also trigger pain in the herniated region.

Nausea

Those who are suffering from this condition may also feel lightheaded. Blood circulation and organ function may be affected by this mechanical defect leading to nausea. This is particularly common when the problem is located around the stomach area.

Vomiting

In some cases, the nausea comes with vomiting. The body may have a hard time digesting food and the physical stress could upset the stomach, forcing everything back up. This can be extremely worrying incident. Call the doctor if it happens more than once and you suspect that hernia is the cause.

Heartburn

If the issue is happening at the upper part of the stomach, then there is a great risk for acid reflux symptoms to occur. The acid inside the stomach may go up the esophagus causing heartburn which can be very uncomfortable. This can make mealtime a challenging ordeal. Patients must not lie down right away after eating to allow the food to travel down past the herniated area.

Swelling

Since the muscle walls are irritated, the surrounding tissues can swell until the problem is corrected. Surgery is commonly advised to move the organs back in their proper place and close the hole on the wall.

Follow ScannerDoc for all of your medical questions and concerns.

Common Types Of Spinal Surgeries Explained

 

Spinal surgeries are geared towards correcting spinal defects or injuries. The human spine is made up of discs, also called vertebrae that are firmly, yet flexibly joined together to allow the flexibility of the spine, as well as the protection of the nerves and living cells that run through the spine. Any stress on the spine can cause a chipping/ breakage of a vertebra, in effect causing parts of the damaged disc or adjacent discs to press on nerves. Nerve pinching can cause extremely painful backaches that not only limit a person’s mobility, but may also affect the flow of signals and blood to lower body organs. Whereas small spinal damages may only cause discomfort and can be managed through increased exercise or painkillers, severe spinal damages are debilitating and require surgery to correct.

Types of spinal surgeries

Bone Graft

This spinal surgery aims at triggering bone growth and or bridging a spinal gap by providing the necessary support between two healthy spinal bones/ discs. In this surgery, surgeons harvest a piece of a bone (called graft) from a patient (called autograft) or from another person/ bone bank (called allograft). The harvested graft is transferred to the site that needs bone bridging or bone healing. Autografts, more often than not, contain living cells, and may therefore trigger fast stimulation of bone growth, and the consequent fusion of the graft and the site’s bones. Allografts, on the other hand, do not contain living cells, and, therefore, take longer to heal. Although allografts take a long time to heal and have a high risk of transmitting illnesses to the new site, they are highly recommended in situations where the patient does not have sufficient graft for transplant.

Spine fusion

In some instances, spinal surgery can be conducted to bind two spinal discs permanently in a process called spine fusion. Spine fusion surgery is commonly applied to correct abnormal spinal curvatures, degenerated vertebrae-connecting-disks, protruding disks, and vertebrae injuries. In binding adjacent spinal components, spine fusion surgery reduces uncontrolled motion of the affected parts of the spine, in effect reducing extreme pain or the pinching of nerves that get in the way of the moving disks’ paths. More often than not, surgeons screw metal rods on rigid spine disks. Whereas it is expected that the permanent binding of the spinal structure (on the particular parts) may reduce motion, some people register increased mobility as they no longer have to worry about the pain that was hampering movement in the first place.

Spinal injuries can be mild, causing mere discomforts, or severe, affecting the quality of life a person lives. Thankfully, spinal surgeries can correct most spinal defects or injuries, in effect reducing backache pain and increasing an individual’s flexibility and health of lower body organs. Depending on a person’s spinal injury/ defect, a surgeon can recommend a spine fusion or a bone graft.

Follow ScannerDoc for all of your Medical Questions and Concerns.

What Is Valley Fever?

Valley fever is an infection that can turn into a severe form of pneumonia or a chronic illness if the person who has it does not receive treatment for it. Another name for valley fever is coccidioidomycosis because of the origin of the disorder. Valley fever comes from the coccidioidomycosis fungus, which is found inside of soil. Valley fever is more common in Southwestern areas of the nation than it is in other parts of the dirt. People catch the infection by inhaling it into their lungs. Anyone who works or lives in an area that valley fever affects can contract the condition.

What Is Valley Fever? How Valley Fever Spread?

Valley fever can spread in several ways. Construction work can spread it. Farming tasks and strong winds can spread it into the air, as well. The incubation period for valley fever is about three weeks, so an affected person may not show any symptoms until then. Some people show no symptoms at all, while other people show severe symptoms. Some of the most common symptoms of valley fever are fever, cough, achy joints, chest pains, sweating, fatigue and rashes. A red and spotty rash may appear on the legs and arms of a person who has valley fever.

How Valley Fever Is Diagnosed and Treated

A doctor can diagnose valley fever using a blood test or a chest X-ray. Specialists may test the skin of the affected person, as well. Once the doctor confirms the diagnosis, he or she can implement a treatment plan. Some cases of valley fever resolve themselves while others require treatment. The doctor may prescribe anti-fungal medication. The specialist may tell the person how to take care of himself or herself, as well. Care may include fluid intake increases, bed reds, and breathing mechanisms if severe breathing problems occur.

Anyone who experiences the symptoms of valley fever should speak with a specialist immediately for testing. Travelers should stay on the lookout for valley fever if they visit Arizona and similar places for hiking trips. A case of valley fever can resolve quickly if the doctor and patient catch it early enough.

Follow ScannerDoc for All of Your Medical Questions and Concern.