Most medicine has side effects. When treating blood pressure, you may experience some effects. The following are some of the side effects of blood pressure medications. You may experience bout of dehydration if you are not careful. This means that you should take a lot of water to prevent dehydrating your body and therefore slowing down the metabolic rate. You may also experience constipation from time to time. This is brought about by central alpha agonists or the calcium channel blockers. Constipation can be averted through eating foods that are rich in fiber. These foods include fruits, vegetables and legumes.
Fainting, bouts of dizziness or you may even feel light headed once in a while. May medicines used for treatment of hypertension have this side effect. To deal with it, you should always ensure that you stand slowly. Do not change positions abruptly as this may make the situation worse. Always ensure that you take your time before stepping down from the bed, climbing down the stairs and also ensure that you do not stay standing for extended periods of time. Some patients will experience frequent urination especially during the night. In such a case, you may ask your doctor to schedule your medicine in such a way that you will avoid waking up too many times during the night.
You may also experience increased sensitivity to cold. You may therefore find yourself shaking during the night or experiencing excessive cold during the cold seasons. In such a case, you can ensure that you dress warmly especially when leaving the house. While in the house, you may use the fireplace to keep warm or use your HVAC system. In some situation, you may be faced with headaches or stomach upset. Potassium loss is also common in some patients especially those taking thiazide diuretics. You can take supplements that enhance the level of potassium in your body.
Increases sensitivity to sunlight is also a side effect of blood pressure medications. You may avoid direct exposure to sunlight especially for extended periods of time. In addition, you may use hats to minimize the area exposed to sunlight. Other side effects include swollen gums, tender and bleeding gums and dry mouth.
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